Rose petals have been valued for their beauty and perfume for thousands of years. Because rose oil deteriorates rapidly with exposure to sun and wind, the content is highest on the first morning when the flower opens. Rose petals picked for distillation are picked manually, day by day, at or just before sunrise. The distinctive scent of the rose derived from complex essential oil chemistry. The main constituents of attar of roses are the fragrant alcohols geraniol and l-citronellol; and rose camphor, an odourless paraffin. β-Damascenone is also a significant contributor to the scent. Uses are very numerous. Rose petals can be administered as a tea, poultice, bath herb, pillow mix, body spray, etc. The American Botanical Council reports that rose petals have sedative, antiseptic, antiparasitic, anti-inflammatory, laxative, cholesterol-lowering, and heart-supportive properties. A rose ointment was tested against several microorganisms with positive results. The treatment of acute radiodermatitis and radionecrosis also showed positive results. Rose may provide benefits for cancer patients receiving radiation therapy. Psychological studies indicate that rose oil can induce “sweeter dreams” and increase concentration and rate of work capacity.
Leffingwell, John C. (1999). “Rose (Rosa damascena)”. Aroma from Carotenoids. Leffingwell & Associates. http://www.leffingwell.com/rose.htm.