Coriandrum sativum, Apiaceae
is an annual herb in the family Apiaceae. In American culinary custom, the fruits are generally referred to as coriander, the leaves as cilantro.
Coriander, like many spices, contains antioxidants, which can delay or prevent the spoilage of food seasoned with it. A study found both the leaves and seed to contain antioxidants
Chemicals derived from coriander leaves were found to have antibacterial activity against Salmonella choleraesuis, and this activity was found to be caused in part by these chemicals acting as nonionic surfactants.
Coriander has been used as a folk medicine for the relief of anxiety and insomnia in Iran. Experiments in mice support its use as an anxiolytic. Coriander seeds are used in traditional Indian medicine as a diuretic. In holistic and traditional medicine, it is used as a carminative and as a digestive aid.
Coriander has been documented as a traditional treatment for diabetes. A study on mice found that coriander extract had both insulin-releasing and insulin-like activity.
Coriander seeds were found in a study on rats to have a significant hypolipidemic effect, resulting in lowering of levels of total cholesterol and triglycerides, and increasing levels of high-density lipoprotein. This effect appeared to be caused by increasing synthesis of bile by the liver and increasing the breakdown of cholesterol into other compounds.
 Helle Wangensteen, Anne Berit Samuelsen, Karl Egil Malterud, “Antioxidant activity in extracts from coriander”, Food Chemistry, Vol. 88, No. 2, pp. 293-297, Nov. 2004.
 Isao Kubo et. al., “Antibacterial Activity of Coriander Volatile Compounds against Salmonella choleraesuis”, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2004, 52 (11), pp 3329–3332.
 Emamghoreishi M, Khasaki M, Aazam MF (2005). “Coriandrum sativum: evaluation of its anxiolytic effect in the elevated plus-maze”. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 96 (3): 365–370.
 Dawakhana, H (2007). “Coriander: Cure from the Kitchen”. hashmi.com. http://www.hashmi.com/coriander.html.
 Alison M. Gray, Peter R. Flat, “Insulin-releasing and insulin-like activity of the traditional anti-diabetic plant Coriandrum sativum (coriander)”, British Journal of Nutrition, Vol. 81, pp. 203-209, (1999).
 V. Chithra and S. Leelamma, “Hypolipidemic effect of coriander seeds (Coriandrum sativum): mechanism of action”, Plant Foods for Human Nutrition (Formerly Qualitas Plantarum), Vol. 51, No. 2, pp. 167-172, June, 1997.